Enact false/fake ID lawsa
Under this strategy, local, state, and federal governments may enact laws to hold producers of fake IDs accountable for creating illegal identification products. These laws may also: (1) hold users of fake or false identification accountable for misrepresenting their age and/or identity, (2) make it illegal to loan or transfer an ID to an underage person, and (3) allow retailers to seize a fake ID from an underage person.
Effectiveness: = Moderate effectiveness
Cost: $$ = Mid-range
Barriers: ## = Moderate
Research Amount: *** = 5 or more cross-sectional studies or 1 to 4 longitudinal studies
Public Health Reach: Broad
Staffing Expertise Needed: Policy advocate
Target Population: Underage students
Research Population: General
a = New intervention (2019)
Effectiveness ratings are based on estimated success in achieving targeted outcomes. Cost ratings are based on a consensus among research team members of the relative program and staff costs for adoption, implementation, and maintenance of a strategy. Actual costs will vary by institution, depending on size, existing programs, and other campus and community factors. Barriers to implementing a strategy include cost and opposition, among other factors. Public health reach refers to the number of students that a strategy affects. Strategies with a broad reach affect all students or a large group of students (e.g., all underage students); strategies with a focused reach affect individuals or small groups of students (e.g., sanctioned students). Research amount/quality refers to the number and design of studies.
- Fell, J.C.; Fisher, D.A.; Voas, R.B.; et al. The relationship of underage drinking laws to reductions in drinking drivers in fatal crashes in the United States. Accident Analysis and Prevention 40(4):1430–1440, 2008.
- Fell, J.C.; Scherer, M.; Thomas, S.; and Voas, R.B. Assessing the impact of twenty underage drinking laws. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs 77(2):249–260, 2016.
- Fell, J.C.; Scherer, M.; Thomas, S.; and Voas, R.B. Effectiveness of social host and fake identification laws on reducing underage drinking driver fatal crashes. Traffic Injury Prevention 15:S64–S73, 2014.
- Markowitz, S.; Poe-Yamagata, E.; Andrews, T.; et al. Estimating the relationship between alcohol policies and criminal violence and victimization. German Economic Review 13(4):416–435, 2012.
- Romano, E.; Scherer, M.; Fell, J.; and Taylor, E. A comprehensive examination of U.S. laws enacted to reduce alcohol-related crashes among underage drivers. Journal of Safety Research 55:213–221, 2015.
For information about intervention designs and implementation, check the articles in the References tab.