Establish an alcohol-free campus
Under this strategy, a campus bans the sale, distribution, or consumption of alcohol on campus property.
Effectiveness: = Lower effectiveness
Cost: $$ = Mid-range
Barriers: ### = Higher
Research Amount: *** = 5 or more cross-sectional studies or 1 to 4 longitudinal studies
Public Health Reach: Broad
Staffing Expertise Needed: Policy advocate
Target Population: All students
Research Population: College
Effectiveness ratings are based on estimated success in achieving targeted outcomes. Cost ratings are based on a consensus among research team members of the relative program and staff costs for adoption, implementation, and maintenance of a strategy. Actual costs will vary by institution, depending on size, existing programs, and other campus and community factors. Barriers to implementing a strategy include cost and opposition, among other factors. Public health reach refers to the number of students that a strategy affects. Strategies with a broad reach affect all students or a large group of students (e.g., all underage students); strategies with a focused reach affect individuals or small groups of students (e.g., sanctioned students). Research amount/quality refers to the number and design of studies.
- Knight JR, Wechsler H, Kuo MC, Seibring M, Weitzman ER, & Schuckit MA. Alcohol abuse and dependence among U.S. college students. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 63(3):263–70, 2002.
- Paek HJ & Hove T. Determinants of underage college student drinking: Implications for four major alcohol reduction strategies. Journal of Health Communication, 17(6):659–76, 2012.
- Voas RB, Johnson M, Turrisi RJ, Taylor D, Honts CR, & Nelsen L. Bringing alcohol on campus to raise money: Impact on student drinking and drinking problems. Addiction, 103(6):940–50, 2008.
- Walter G & Kowalczyk J. The effectiveness of alcohol policies in 4-year public universities. Journal of Community Health, 37(2):520–28, 2012.
- Wechsler H, Lee JE, Gledhill-Hoyt J, & Nelson TF. Alcohol use and problems at colleges banning alcohol: Results of a national survey. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 62(2):133–41, 2001.
- Williams J, Chaloupka FJ, & Wechsler H. Are there differential effects of price and policy on college students’ drinking intensity? Contemporary Economic Policy, 23(1):78–90, 2005.
- Williams J, Pacula R, Chaloupka F, & Wechsler H. Alcohol and marijuana use among college students: Economic complements or substitutes? Health Economics, 13(9):825–43, 2004.
References from 2019 update
For information about intervention designs and implementation, check the articles in the References tab.