Establish minimum age requirements to serve/sell alcohol
Under this strategy, a campus or local or state government establishes requirements specifying how old someone must be to serve or sell alcohol. Requirements may differ by type of alcohol establishment (e.g., off- vs. on-premises establishments and type of alcohol—beer, wine, or spirits) and may include exceptions under certain circumstances.
Effectiveness: X = Too few robust studies to rate effectiveness—or mixed results
Cost: $ = Lower
Barriers: ## = Moderate
Research Amount: ** = 2 to 4 studies but no longitudinal studies
Public Health Reach: Broad
Staffing Expertise Needed: Policy advocate
Target Population: All students
Research Population: General
Note: Research amount decreased from original CollegeAIM because studies indirectly measuring the approach were replaced with a fewer number of direct studies since published. (Previous references have been removed since they did not assess the policy directly.)
Effectiveness ratings are based on estimated success in achieving targeted outcomes. Cost ratings are based on a consensus among research team members of the relative program and staff costs for adoption, implementation, and maintenance of a strategy. Actual costs will vary by institution, depending on size, existing programs, and other campus and community factors. Barriers to implementing a strategy include cost and opposition, among other factors. Public health reach refers to the number of students that a strategy affects. Strategies with a broad reach affect all students or a large group of students (e.g., all underage students); strategies with a focused reach affect individuals or small groups of students (e.g., sanctioned students). Research amount/quality refers to the number and design of studies.
Note: Previous references have been removed since they did not assess the policy directly.
References from 2019 update
- Fell, J.C.; Fisher, D.A.; Voas, R.B.; et al. The relationship of underage drinking laws to reductions in drinking drivers in fatal crashes in the United States. Accident Analysis and Prevention 40(4):1430–1440, 2008.
- Fell, J.C.; Scherer, M.; Thomas, S.; and Voas, R.B. Assessing the impact of twenty underage drinking laws. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs 77(2):249–260, 2016.
- Romano, E.; Scherer, M.; Fell, J.C.; and Taylor, E. A comprehensive examination of U.S. laws enacted to reduce alcohol-related crashes among underage drivers. Journal of Safety Research 55:213–221, 2015.
Resources identified only for strategies rated effective.