Implement beverage service training programs: Sales to intoxicated
This type of program can be implemented at the campus, community, or state level to require training of those who sell or serve alcohol to recognize signs of intoxication, slow the service of alcohol, and cut off individuals who are obviously intoxicated. Note: Rating based on studies of programs in a few establishments.
Effectiveness: = Lower effectiveness
Cost: $$$ = Higher
Barriers: (At college level) # = Lower; (At state/local level) ## = Moderate
Research Amount: **** = 5 or more longitudinal studies
Public Health Reach: Broad
Staffing Expertise Needed: Coordinator
Target Population: All students
Research Population: General
Effectiveness ratings are based on estimated success in achieving targeted outcomes. Cost ratings are based on a consensus among research team members of the relative program and staff costs for adoption, implementation, and maintenance of a strategy. Actual costs will vary by institution, depending on size, existing programs, and other campus and community factors. Barriers to implementing a strategy include cost and opposition, among other factors. Public health reach refers to the number of students that a strategy affects. Strategies with a broad reach affect all students or a large group of students (e.g., all underage students); strategies with a focused reach affect individuals or small groups of students (e.g., sanctioned students). Research amount/quality refers to the number and design of studies.
Bolier L, Voorham L, Monshouwer K, Hasselt Nv, & Bellis M. Alcohol and drug prevention in nightlife settings: A review of experimental studies. Substance Use and Misuse, 46(13):1569–91, 2011.
References from 2019 update
- Fell, J.C.; Fisher, D.A.; Yao, J.; and McKnight, A.S. Evaluation of a responsible beverage service and enforcement program: Effects on bar patron intoxication and potential impaired driving by young adults. Traffic Injury Prevention 18(6):557–565, 2017.
- Toomey, T.L.; Lenk, K.M.; Erickson, D.J.; et al. Effects of a hybrid online and in-person training program designed to reduce alcohol sales to obviously intoxicated patrons. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs 78(2):268–275, 2017.
- Trolldal, B.; Brannstrom, L.; Paschall, M.J.; and Leifman, H. Effects of a multi-component responsible beverage service programme on violent assaults in Sweden. Addiction 108(1):89–96, 2013.
NIAAA, Alcohol Policy Information System, Beverage Service Training
For more information about intervention designs and implementation, check the articles in the References tab.