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Environmental-Level Strategies
Campus only

Implement bystander interventions

In this context, bystander intervention programs offered by campuses are designed to increase a student’s capacity and willingness to intervene when another student may be in danger of harming him/herself or another person due to alcohol use. Bystander intervention programs also are used to reduce consequences of drug use, sexual assault, and other problems. NOTE: This strategy does not seek to reduce alcohol availability, one of the most effective ways to decrease alcohol use and its consequences.

  • Effectiveness: X = Too few robust studies to rate effectiveness—or mixed results
  • Cost: $$ = Mid-range
  • Barriers: # = Lower
  • Research Amount: * = 3 or fewer studies
  • Public Health Reach: Focused
  • Staffing Expertise Needed: Coordinator
  • Target Population: All students
  • Research Population: College

NOTE: Cost ratings are based on a consensus among research team members of the relative program and staff costs for adoption, implementation, and maintenance of a strategy. Actual costs will vary by institution, depending on size, existing programs, and other campus and community factors.

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