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Individual-Level Strategies
Interventions delivered by health professionals

Screening and behavioral treatments

Screening and brief intervention: The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that primary care clinicians (1) conduct alcohol screening in adults aged 18 years or older and (2) provide brief behavioral counseling interventions for the full range of unhealthy drinking behaviors, from risky drinking to alcohol dependence. The USPSTF concludes that brief behavioral counseling interventions reduce heavy drinking episodes and increase adherence to recommended drinking limits. 

Additional behavioral treatments: For some students, brief counseling sessions may not be sufficient for resolving drinking problems. In these cases, more intensive behavioral treatments can be beneficial, including cognitive-behavioral therapy and motivational enhancement therapy. Ultimately, choosing to get treatment may be more important than the approach used, provided it avoids heavy confrontation and incorporates empathy, motivational support, and a focus on changing drinking behavior.

  • Effectiveness: Not rated by CollegeAIM
  • Cost: Not rated
  • Barriers: Not rated
  • Research Amount: Not rated
  • Public Health Reach: Not rated
  • Primary Modality: In-person individual/offsite
  • Staffing Expertise Needed: Health professional
  • Target Population: Individuals
  • Duration of Effects: Not rated

NOTE: Cost ratings are based on the relative program and staff costs for adoption, implementation, and maintenance of a strategy. Actual costs will vary by institution, depending on size, existing programs, and other campus and community factors.

An official website of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

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