Skills training, alcohol focus: Goal/intention-setting alone
Under this approach, students identified as having alcohol use problems set goals for limiting their alcohol use, based on their current drinking behaviors, other goals, and values.
Effectiveness: = Higher effectiveness
Cost: $$ = Mid-range
Barriers: ## = Moderate
Research Amount: ** = 4 to 6 studies
Public Health Reach: Focused
Primary Modality: In-person individual
Staffing Expertise Needed: Health professional and coordinator
Target Population: Individuals
Duration of Effects: Short-term (< 6 months) effects; long-term (≥ 6 months) effects not assessed
Although this approach is a component of larger, effective programs such as BASICS and ASTP, it is rated here as a stand-alone intervention.
Effectiveness ratings are based on the percentage of studies reporting any positive outcomes. Strategies with three or fewer studies did not receive an effectiveness rating due to the limited data on which to base a conclusion. Cost ratings are based on the relative program and staff costs for adoption, implementation, and maintenance of a strategy. Actual costs will vary by institution, depending on size, existing programs, and other campus and community factors. Barriers to implementing a strategy include cost and opposition, among other factors. Public health reach refers to the number of students that a strategy affects. Strategies with a broad reach affect all students or a large group of students (e.g., all underage students); strategies with a focused reach affect individuals or small groups of students (e.g., sanctioned students). Research amount/quality refers to the number of randomized controlled trials (RCT) that evaluated the strategy. Duration of effects refers to the timeframe within which the intervention demonstrated effects on alcohol-related behavioral outcomes; follow-up periods for short-term effects were <6 months; follow-up periods for long-term effects were ≥6 months.
Additional studies not identified in prior reviews
- Hagger, M.S.; Lonsdale, A.; and Chatzisarantis, N.L.D. A theory-based intervention to reduce alcohol drinking in excess of guideline limits among undergraduate students. British Journal of Health Psychology 17(1):18–43, 2012a.
- Hagger, M.S.; Lonsdale, A.; Koka, A.; Hein, V.; Pasi, H.; Lintunen, T.; et al. An intervention to reduce alcohol consumption in undergraduate students using implementation intentions and mental simulations: A cross-national study. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine 19(1):82–96, 2012b.
- Werch, C.E.; Bian, H.; Moore, M.J.; Ames, S.; DiClemente, C.C.; and Weiler, R.M. Brief multiple behavior interventions in a college student health care clinic. Journal of Adolescent Health 41(6):577–85, 2007.
- Werch, C.E.; Moore, M.J.; Bian, H.; DiClemente, C.C.; Ames, S.; Weiler, R.M.; et al. Efficacy of a brief image-based multiple behavior intervention for college students. Annals of Behavioral Medicine36(2):149–57, 2008.
- Werch, C.E.; Moore, M.J.; Bian, H.; DiClemente, C.C.; Huang, I.C.; Ames, S.; et al. Are effects from a brief multiple behavior intervention for college students sustained over time? Preventive Medicine 50(1-2), 30–4, 2010.
References from 2019 update
No studies identified.
For information about intervention designs and implementation, check the articles in the References tab.